Pandemonium start their weekly friday nights at J-Jays, Willenhall, Wolverhampton. Fridays at Shelleys is took over by Entropy, with Amnesia House on Saturdays.
The Pleasuredome in Farnworth is closed after the Police find the bar staff are dealing drugs. March Kinetic take over residency at the Leisure Bowl, Stoke-on-Trent. Club Kintetic is born.
To the dismay of ravers everywhere, Pete Waterman and ITV decide to cash in on rave culture by creating a crap TV show called 'Hitman & Her' filmed in the Eclipse in Coventry. A classic tv moment see's Michaela Stachen having to leave the club because "its too hot ... But if you look closer Michaela is high.
Otiz F. Angel releases a 2 track ep, New Generation - Set I Free & Aural Elevation – featuring reggae singer Bingi Bingham. They play a Live set at Electrybe gathering held in a disused supermarket, Wood Green, North London. Bemused shoppers watch on as the party continues till 9am.
Spiral Tribe hold a party in a Warehouse in Acton,West London. Police turn up in full riot gear. People barricade all exits and the Police use a JCB and sledge hammers to demolish a wall. Eventually storming the building beating people and making them lie face down on the floor. Over 100 people are injured. During the mayhem an ITV reported turns up but it so freaked out by what he sees that he leaves immediately. Spiral Tribes convoy is escorted out of london under the watch of a Police helicopter.
Word spreads about the rough treatment of Spiral Tribe. The main stream raves stand well back not wanting to draw attention to themselves. A number of the smaller, underground sound systems become defiant including DIY, Bedlam, Adrenaline, Electrybe, Circus warp, travellers and House tribes pledge support. Many talk about organising a large rave. The ravers only way to strike back.
Dreamscape present Woodstock 2
After losing The Pleasuredome, DJ Welly and crew (Nigel the promoter, Jamie Scahill, Ken Grogan & John Waddiker) move their night to Bowlers, Traford Park, Manchester. Life @ Bowlers is born.
May 1- 4th
Beltane free festival, Lechlade, Spiral Tribe and Bedlam on site. 10,000+ people.
Fantazia hold "Summertime" at Matchams Park Stadium, Bournmouth. Gideon allows 16,000 tickets into circulation when the license is only for 8,000. All tickets are sold and the resulting 15 miles of blocked M1 motorway is shown on the News at 10. Fantazia are unable to use this venue again due to this.
Genesis’hold their last rave, The Promised-Land – then quit.
DiY & other systems attempt a free party in a travellers camp at the Avon Free Festival, Chipping Sodbury near Bristol. Police hear of their plans and move all the travellers on. This turns into a rallying call as a mass of sound systems turn up at Castle Morton in the Malvern Hills. assorted Sound Systems including Bedlam (first on the site), Circus Warp, Electrybe, Adrenaline & Spiral Tribe are already there. With No top Djs, No fun fairs , No attractions and No distractions, thousands of travellers & ravers party hard for days. After seeing police reports on the BBC's Six O'clock News thousands more people head to the gathering.
For the first time lots of sound systems come together and create a party larger than most main stream raves. Police estimate that on the Saturday night there are 40 to 50 thousand people at the event. MPs now question, at what stage would it become reasonable to call in the Army as they describe this gathering as an occupying force?
After the Castle Morton gathering the UK authorities created a new database of every tribe or sound system that participated in the Castle Morton event. The list also contained every rave that was deemed seditious, became a riot or was even reportable as a public dis-order.
Exodus hold their first free party in the Luton area. June 27th Amnesia House hold "The Book of Love" at Brayfield Stadium. After first announcing his intention to get married at a rave on the BBC's "The Time, The Place" back in 1989. Mickey Lynas (partner in Amnesia/Nemesis) gets his wish and marries with 15,000 ravers as witness' and Grooverider as the best man.
Universe put on the first (and only?) legal outdoor rave in Wales, Adventures On A Pleasure Planet.
Fantazia hold licenced rave "One Step Beyond/Castle Donnington". Licenced for 25,000, the totally outdoor stage is made to look like a castle with a huge dragon in the middle of the crowd.
Four members of Spiral Tribe are arrested as the 'organisers' of Castle Morton festival. Charges of 'conspiracy to cause a public nuisance' are eventually dropped as thousands of ravers & travellers up and down the country report themselves as witnesses making the processing of the case virtually impossible.
Pandemonium's "Here comes the sun" outdoor event, to be held near Shrewsbury is cancelled the day before (an official from the Council had measured the wrong fence and declared it wasnt high enough. It was announced on the Radio before Mark Chamberlain could correct the mistake (most likely this was a ploy to stop the rave). Rumours circulate that Vision (Chris Griffin), who are holding an event at Popham Airfield, near Winchester, would accept Pandemonium tickets (untrue). This leads to 1,000's of people turning up there and the perimeter fences being torn down. Unofficially there were over 40,000 people there with the licence for 20,000.
Shelleys is closed down after reports of "drugs being openly on sale in the near by supermarket car park".
September 11th - Universe are back in Bath with a massive outdoor event, Mind, Body & Soul. DJ Tanith & The Producer blow the roof off the main tent.
Obsession hold their first big event,The 3rd Dimension, at the Westpoint Exhibition Centre, Exeter.
First issues of Eternity Magazine given away free at various raves. Future copies would feature Tony Cilston Hater, Dreamscape, World Dance, Otiz F.Angel & Electrybe, Biology, DJ Carl Cox, Groove Rider & Fabio amongst others.
New Years Eve Fantazia, Littlecotte House. "This massive spectacular all night party will be held indoors and will host 16,000 party goers" r New Years Eve Exodus hold their largest illegal free party to date. Over 10,000 people in a warehouse on Woodside industrial estate, Luton.
Due to structural problems at JJays Pandemonium move their weekly night to The Institute, Digbeth, Birmingham
Dance Planet hold The Detonator at Birmingham's Hummingbird. On the night the Hummingbird's security let people in through a side door for back handers. Serious overcrowding leads to the death of two people and the loss of the Hummingbird's entertainments licence.
The Electrybe host a party for Otiz F. Angel's birthday at the Brain club in London west end. Playing a assortment of happy Hardcore, techno and Jungle, this Monday gathering is Electrybe's first fully legal event. A successful night persuades organisers to continue the event every Monday. These colorful events become the regular club night for hundreds of ravers, house hippies, new age travellers, artists, healers & spiritualists. Annie Lester, Emma J and Omi join Electrybe's management team. The next day Otiz F. Angel releases a 2 track e.p named New Generation – True Feelings
Fantazia do their last true Hardcore event (2nd Birthday) at the Sanctuary, Milton Keynes. There's talk of another event planned for 30,000 at Cricket St Thomas Park on the South coast but this doesn't happen as Fantazia start their own line of clothing and a record label.
Universe do the first Tribal Gathering with 25,000 people at Warminster near Bath. Total chaos on the surrounding roads with a 15 mile traffic jam leading up to the site at about 9pm. Dreamscape plan a massive weekend long event (Woodstock 2) with probably the biggest flyer ever seen (A1 size!). The licence is granted but due to difficulies with a financier Murray has to cancel the event. The late cancellation loses ESP thousands.
Dance Trance (Mickey Lynas ex Amnesia House) has his 1st Wedding anniversary at the Sanctuary.
After the huge gathering of last years Castle Morton festival, a bigger event is planned near the outskirts of Corby, Northamptonshire. It is to be called "The Mother". Unknown to the organisers, someone puts posters up in the area publicising the event and giving Police access to the mobile phone lines. Sound systems manage to crack the site on Friday the 7th but by Saturday a major Police operation with 100s of officers blocks off the whole area and the phone info lines go dead.
Elevation at Roller Express, Edmonton
Universe stage their Big Love event attracting 30,000. With 2 totally outdoor stages set back to back, Heaven (House) & Earth (Hardcore). Probably the last totally outdoor event. Sound restiction problems cause the levels to be turned right down half way through the Prodigys set. Mad P from Top Buzz threw the mic into crowd during their set as they refused to turn it up!
The Criminal Justice Bill is put to Parliament. With the new Rave Clause, defining a 'Rave' as 100 or more people dancing outdoors to music "mainly comprising of repetitive beats". New powers for the Police will include the right to detain anyone they believe is heading to an illegal rave and the right to confiscate sounds systems (like they hadn't been doing this any.
Electrybe present The Resurrection at the Marquee, Tottenham court road WC1. Otiz F. Angel & Carl Miller, Hypno trance, release two tracks 'Celestial Encounter' 'Spiritual love' After a week in the Marquee the Electrybe change their music policy becoming an 100% jungle rave with a policy to only feature new upcoming talent.
The Government announced further acts to control illegal raves. With the law coming down so harshly, the scene turned legal and commercial so clubs organised one-off events, and longer licensing hours meant they could offer all-night dancing at their venues. The likes of Cream, Renaissance and Ministry of Sound had hit the big time and superstar DJs were more famous than film stars.
Otiz F. Angel moves Electrybe to the Gass club Wardour street hosting a jammed packed Monday night rave.
Electrybe produce a strong stable of unknown Djs and MCs, some of them would go on to become top names in the jungle scene. The Electrybe MCs included Skibadee, MC IC3, MC Neat (from MC Neat & DJ Luck), MC Cuckoo, CKP, IC3 and MC Foxy..
Rave There-after. Fully licensed, commercial raves take over the event landscape across the UK. Corporations even finance a rave in Wembley stadium. These watered down events were now well funded and much larger than the original raves, run by many of the same corporations who supported the criminal justice bill. And so to today. . .
While the illegal raves are over and the Magic Roundabout years have been and gone, the United Kingdom's passion for dance music has remained. In fact, dance culture has invaded everywhere: TV advertisements, radio jingles, film soundtracks as well as in the clubs and bars all across the country. The current fashion for nostalgia has seen a sea of early dance anthem compilations being released, with names like Back to the Old Skool and Old Skool Euphoria. Novels like Rave Story has become top sellers. Thirty-somethings and 40+ can now reminisce about the golden age of rave over dinner parties. Ecstasy's popularity has not died, either - approximately half a million people regularly use the drug in the UK alone. Illegal parties haven't stopped too, but they will never be close to the same scale of the early illegal raves. In fact, in rural areas where the club scene is more mums and toddlers than super-club, gatherings in woods, quarries and cliff tops happen all the time, while in London illegal squat parties can be found at the ring of a number - if Ketamine and dark drum 'n' bass is your bag. The big festivals have begun to cater for today's rave generation.
Homelands and Creamfields attract maximum capacity crowds, while in 2005 Glastonbury increased its dance tent to a village, and now has eight stages. The Criminal Justice Act also caused many ravers to look abroad for kicks, spending summers in places like Goa, Ibiza and Ayia Napa. Looking back, when superintendent Mick Bromwich
of the Coventry Police claimed the rave scene was 'Just a fad' in 1990, he couldn't have been further wrong. Thirty years later, the rave scene is still here and going strong. Although now it has many musical cousins, at it's core, its still the same. The parties we take for granted now, would never have existed if it wasn't for the early rave scene. Like one of the predictions in Otiz F. Angel's mission statement back in 1991, the Rave scene HAS helped to shape our modern society. It has changed British culture, it has influenced people across the world and it has united generation after generation. The efforts of Tony colston hater, Tin Tin (Energy) and the many other rave organisers, djs and die hard ravers have left a magical mark in history. We want to take a moment to remember all to people who stuck their neck out and went through hell to help to keep the scene alive. Most of these people have been forgotten but not by us.
We, The True Ravers Give Thanks & Tribute To:
Carl cox, Trevor Fung, Ian St Paul, Emix, Adamski, Paul Oakenfold, Tony Colston-Hayter, Johnny Walker, Nicky Holloway, Danny Rampling, Brett & Sting, Paul Stone ,Lu Vukovic, Otiz F. Angel, Richard Clarke (DJ Clarkee), James Barton, Robert Darby, Leslie Thomas, Grooverider & Fabio, Richard Okuno, Densil Roberts, Daddy Chester, Wayne Antony, Joe Wieczorek, Andy Swallow, Tony Wilson, Jarvis Sandy, Rat Pack, John Kelly, Tommy Smith, Tony Creft, Anthony & Chris Donnely, Jeremy Taylor, Paul Archer, Paul Dawks, Mike Knowler, Andy Carroll, MC Chalky White, Chris Griffin, Mickey Lynas, Martin Redmond, DJ Bod, Mark Chamberlain, James Perkins and Gideon, Steve Gordon, Mark & Alex Harrison, Debbie Giffith, Simon Feeney, Chris Nelson & Sir Richard Branson – Yes the millionaire and the countless other people who contributed to the existence of the Rave culture.